9 Replies Latest reply on Apr 16, 2007 1:43 PM by Hannes Schulz

    Questions on resourceBundle

    Hannes Schulz Newbie


      can someone explain me how to access recource bundle from within the application or give me an appropriate link where it is explained?

      I couldn't find a complete example here in the forum or in the seam documentation.

      I knpow that in components.xml i can define recource bundles but i dont know how to access one from the application.

      do i need to import from java.Util or org.jboss.seam.core?
      how to i load a message from a bundle-name within the application?

      Thanks for help,

        • 1. Re: Questions on resourceBundle
          Monkey Den Master

          13.2.2. Displaying labels

          Just do this:

          //Inject the resource bundle, assuming you have a file called
          //messages_en.properties, with your default locale replacing "en"

          @In private Map<String, String> messages;

          //Pull the message out of the bundle
          private String helloMessage;

          • 2. Re: Questions on resourceBundle
            Hannes Schulz Newbie

            OK this is exactly from the seam docu.

            but what i want is loading a specific resource bundle within the application. and then accessing a key within a method. and i want to do all that in a Converters getAsObject method.

            so i'd like to have a specific bundle for error messages and i want to access that.

            my question is how to access a special bundle lets say "MyBundle" registered in components.xml via

            <component name="org.jboss.seam.core.resourceBundle">
             <property name="bundleNames">

            or if its not possible to load MyBundle from a Converter how can I load the messages.properties?

            • 3. Re: Questions on resourceBundle
              Hannes Schulz Newbie

              so far i' ve tried the following:

              in faces-config.xml:


              in the *.ear i have the files messages.properties, messages_en.properties, messages_fr.properties, messages_de.properties in the directory WEB-INF/classes

              in the getAsObject() Method of the CustomConverter i throw an Exception:
               FacesMessage message = MessageFactory.getMessage(FacesMessage.SEVERITY_ERROR, "AreaConverterPositiveNumber");
               throw new ConverterException(message);

              and the MessageFactory class is the following:

              public class MessageFactory {
               public static FacesMessage getMessage(FacesMessage.Severity severity, String id) {
               String summary = "???" + id + "???";
               String detail = null;
               FacesContext context = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
               String name = context.getApplication().getMessageBundle();
               Locale locale = context.getViewRoot().getLocale();
               ResourceBundle bundle = ResourceBundle.getBundle(name, locale);
               summary = bundle.getString(id);
               detail = bundle.getString(id + "Detail");
               return new FacesMessage(severity, summary, detail);

              i get the following error message:

              2007-04-16 17:53:48,828 ERROR [STDERR] 16.04.2007 17:53:48 com.sun.faces.lifecycle.ProcessValidationsPhase execute
              WARNUNG: Can't find bundle for base name messages, locale de
              java.util.MissingResourceException: Can't find bundle for base name messages, locale de
               at java.util.ResourceBundle.throwMissingResourceException(ResourceBundle.java:836)
               at java.util.ResourceBundle.getBundleImpl(ResourceBundle.java:805)
               at java.util.ResourceBundle.getBundle(ResourceBundle.java:576)
               at gmp.webapp.converter.MessageFactory.getMessage(MessageFactory.java:18)
               at gmp.webapp.converter.AreaConverter.getAsObject(AreaConverter.java:90)
               at com.sun.faces.renderkit.html_basic.HtmlBasicInputRenderer.getConvertedValue(HtmlBasicInputRenderer.java:188)
               at javax.faces.component.UIInput.getConvertedValue(UIInput.java:943)

              Would be great if someone could help me with that.

              • 4. Re: Questions on resourceBundle
                Fernando Montaño Expert

                So, I think the MessageFactory class you have is not needed. You can use Seam org.jboss.seam.core.FacesMessages class instead.

                Below you can see an example I have:

                public class Converters {
                 public Converter getRoleConverter() {
                 return new Converter() {
                 public Object getAsObject(FacesContext facesContext, UIComponent uiComponent, String string) throws ConverterException {
                 Role role = ((EntityManager) Component.getInstance("entityManager")).find(Role.class, string);
                 if (role != null)
                 return role;
                 else {
                 FacesMessage message = FacesMessages.createFacesMessage(FacesMessage.SEVERITY_ERROR, "Common.error.selected_NotFound", null, "");
                 throw new ConverterException(message);
                 public String getAsString(FacesContext facesContext, UIComponent uiComponent, Object object) throws ConverterException {
                 return ((Role) object).getName();

                Common.error.selected_NotFound is a key in the messages.properties.


                • 5. Re: Questions on resourceBundle
                  Hannes Schulz Newbie

                  thanks for help but this seems to work only if i define the error message in messages.properties

                  if i define a internationalized message in message_XY.properties it is not read and if i delete the message from message.properties i get a NullPointerException

                  if someone could explain me the reason why i get this java.util.MissingResourceException that would be great.


                  • 6. Re: Questions on resourceBundle
                    Monkey Den Master

                    Though I only use the default messages file, I might try:

                    @In private Map<String, String> MyBundle;

                    I would also assume Seam just uses the bundle name:

                    to find a file named MyBundle_de.properties.

                    • 7. Re: Questions on resourceBundle
                      Hannes Schulz Newbie

                      Yeah but since it is a converter i would appreciate not to inject anything. It would be great to just get the bundle loaded like its explained in various tutorials.

                      i just have no clue why this doesnt work here.

                      • 8. Re: Questions on resourceBundle
                        Monkey Den Master

                        Ah, sorry, didn't see that it was a converter. What it sounds like you're asking is how to use a file other than "messages.properties"in JSF. Are you using the default bundle or not Because here you're not even telling JSF about "MyBundle". You're still using "messages".


                        Where does the converter live by the way (.ear or .war)? I had a problem getting a TabChangeListener to work when it was in the EJB context.

                        • 9. Re: Questions on resourceBundle
                          Hannes Schulz Newbie

                          thanks monkedan for your help.

                          yeah after my several posts i myade this more and more confusing.

                          initially i wanted to load a custom bundle like MyBundle located in /WEB-INF/classes. Then i tried to load the default messages bundle but that caused the NullPointerException

                          What i think that i understood so far:

                          In faces-config i defined a <message-bundle>messages</message-bundle> but i always got the NullPointerException. Now i modified the build.xml and copied the messages_XY.properties in the .jar package. now the bundle is found and a message is returned.

                          I was expecting that it uses the files from /WEB-INF/classes directory but that seems to be wrong.

                          But if i understood right, i can overwrite the built-in errormessages by adapting the messages.properties file in /WEb-INF/classes. What means that the standard converters retrieve the messages from this file.

                          I inspected the source code of the MessageFactory.class from the jsf-api and it looks similar to mine.

                          so that keeps me a little bit confused... but maybe im sitting in front of the screen for too long today...