I had created a <rich:include> using JAVA. It has a param named viewId which is the url of the included page. Now it's the problem, i don't know which url is right? Infomations: 1.MVC frame. 2.eg page: war/pages/main/test.jsp 3.the include object has bean bond in page: war/pages/main/main.jsp 4.the project has a virtual name : hsr 5.what i have try "test.jsf" "../pages/main/test.jsf" "/war/pages/main/test.jsf" "/hsr/pages/main/test.jsf" i'm a freshMan in this subject! Thx!