With the help of
a migration from JBoss Messaging 1.4.3 to 1.4.6 was done - just to reproduce the behaviour.
https://jira.jboss.org/jira/browse/JBMESSAGING-1294/ "Problem in jms messasge listener redelivery"
Tim Fox makes some statements about "JMS message listener redelivery semantics". Is there a relationship to the problem that is described in this thread?